Rank and organization:   Sergeant, Company H, 106th Illinois Infantry.
Place and date:   Near Jackson, Tenn., 23 December 1862. Entered service
at: Lincoln, Ill.
Date of issue:   16 May 1899.
When his command was surrounded by a greatly superior force, voluntarily
left the shelter of the breastworks, crossed an open railway trestle under
a concentrated fire from the enemy, made his way out and secured reinforcements
for the relief of his command.
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)