Rank and organization: Private, Company E, 90th Pennsylvania Infantry.
Place and date: At Antietam, Md., 17 September 1862.
Entered service at:
Birth: Philadelphia, Pa.
Date of issue: 3 November 1896.
Under a most withering and concentrated fire, voluntarily picked up the
colors of his regiment, when the bearer and 2 of the color guard had been
killed, and bore them aloft throughout the entire battle.
This data was extracted from the Committee on Veterans' Affairs, U.S. Senate, Medal of Honor Recipients: 1863-1973 (Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1973)